Psychoactive Drugs

A psychoactive drug, psychopharmaceutical, or psychotropic drug is a chemical substance that changes nervous system function and results in alterations in percep...

A psychoactive drug, psychopharmaceutical, or psychotropic drug is a chemical substance that changes nervous system function and results in alterations in perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, or behavior. These substances may be used medically; recreationally; to purposefully improve performance or alter one's consciousness; as entheogens for ritual, spiritual, or shamanic purposes; or for research. Some categories of psychoactive drugs, which have therapeutic value, are prescribed by physicians and other healthcare practitioners. Examples include anesthetics, analgesics, anticonvulsant and antiparkinsonian drugs as well as medications used to treat neuropsychiatric disorders, such as antidepressants, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, and stimulant medications. Some psychoactive substances may be used in the detoxification and rehabilitation programs for persons dependent on or addicted to other psychoactive drugs.
Psychoactive substances often bring about subjective (although these may be objectively observed) changes in consciousness and mood that the user may find rewarding and pleasant (e.g., euphoria or a sense of relaxation) or advantageous in an objectively observable or measurable way (e.g. increased alertness). Substances which are rewarding and thus positively reinforcing have the potential to induce a state of addiction โ€“ compulsive drug use despite negative consequences. In addition, sustained use of some substances may produce physical or psychological dependence or both, associated with somatic or psychological-emotional withdrawal states respectively. Drug rehabilitation attempts to reduce addiction, through a combination of psychotherapy, support groups, and other psychoactive substances. Conversely, certain psychoactive drugs may be so unpleasant that the person will never use the substance again. This is especially true of certain deliriants (e.g. Jimson weed), powerful dissociatives (e.g. Salvia divinorum), and classic psychedelics (e.g. LSD, psilocybin), in the form of a "bad trip".
Psychoactive drug misuse, dependence and addiction have resulted in legal measures and moral debate. Governmental controls on manufacture, supply and prescription attempt to reduce problematic medical drug use. Ethical concerns have also been raised about over-use of these drugs clinically, and about their marketing by manufacturers. Popular campaigns to decriminalize or legalize certain recreational drug use (e.g. cannabis) are also ongoing.

Show More
  • Creators
Stand up comic/mixed martial arts fanatic/psychedelic adventurer. Host of The Joe Rogan Experience
I am an ethnopharmacologist, author and principle founder of McKenna Academy of Natural Philosophy @MckennaAcademy
New York Times Best Selling author of The Immortality Key: the Secret History of the Religion with No Name. Alumnus of Brown University and Georgetown Law.
Founder and Executive Director of @MAPS, the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies.
Author of 5 #1 NYT/WSJ bestsellers, investor (FB, Uber, Twitter, 50+ more, host of The Tim Ferriss Show podcast (400M+ downloads)
Videos exploring research topics in artificial intelligence, deep learning, autonomous vehicles, and beyond.
Dr. Jordan B. Peterson is a professor of psychology at the University of Toronto, a clinical psychologist and the author of the multi-million copy bestseller 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos, #1 for nonfiction in 2018 in the US, Canada, the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Sweden, the Netherlands, Brazil and Norway, and now slated for translation into 50 languages.
Author of The End of Faith, FreeWill, and other bestselling books; host of the Making Sense podcast; and creator of the Waking Up app (@wakingup).
@OSAMResearch ๐Ÿงฌ | Invest Like the Best ๐ŸŽ™ | @TheCapitalCamp โ›บ๏ธ | Learn, build, share, repeat
Creator of Hamilton's Pharmacopeia. Season 3 premiers January 4th, 2021.
Tweets about DTC, Growth mktg, bootstrapping, investing and @cardinals. Founder & CEO of @GatewayX. Co-founder @Ampush. Married to @tweepika. Papa to R&S.
Subscribe to my newsletter: https://mindsetvalue.substack.com CEO of Mindset Capital. Iโ€™m also the author of The Hard Break: The Case for a 24/6 Lifestyle.
Graham Bruce Hancock (; born 2 August 1950) is a British writer and journalist. He is known for his pseudoscientific theories involving ancient civilizations, Earth changes, stone monuments or megaliths, altered states of consciousness, ancient myths, and astronomical or astrological data from the past. Hancock's works propose a connection with a 'mother culture' from which he believes other ancient civilizations sprang. An example of pseudohistory and pseudoarchaeology, his work has neither been peer reviewed nor published in academic journals.
ONLINE COURSE AVAIL NOW โ€ข๐Ÿ“– - ๐‚๐จ๐ง๐ฌ๐œ๐ข๐จ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ง๐ž๐ฌ๐ฌ ๐Œ๐ž๐๐ข๐œ๐ข๐ง๐ž โ€ขConsciousness guide & counselor โ€ขMaster's degree - Somatic Psychology โ€ขHakomi trained
Andrew Michael Sullivan (born 10 August 1963) is a British-American author, editor, and blogger. Sullivan is a political commentator, a former editor of The New Republic, and the author or editor of six books. He started a political blog, The Daily Dish, in 2000, and eventually moved his blog to platforms, including Time, The Atlantic, The Daily Beast, and finally an independent subscription-based format. He announced his retirement from blogging in 2015. From 2016 to 2020, Sullivan was a writer-at-large at New York. His newsletter The Weekly Dish was launched in July 2020.Sullivan says his conservatism is rooted in his Roman Catholic background and in the ideas of the British political philosopher Michael Oakeshott. In 2003, he wrote he was no longer able to support the American conservative movement, as he was disaffected with the Republican Party's continued rightward shift on social issues during the George W. Bush era.Born and raised in Britain, he has lived in the United States since 1984 and currently resides in Washington, D.C., and Provincetown, Massachusetts. He is openly gay and a practicing Roman Catholic.
Roland Redmond Griffiths (born 1946) is an American psychopharmacologist. He is professor of neuroscience, psychiatry and behavioral science, and director of the Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Griffiths is credited with helping to revive interest in clinical research with psychedelic drugs in the late 2000s as a potential treatment for addiction, depression and anxiety.